Kazakh TV takes viewers on a tour of modern Kazakhstan with ‘Invite Me’

ASTANA – Kazakh TV’s new show, “Invite Me,” unveils Kazakhstan through the eyes of foreigners as Robert Boyd of Australia visits the country’s most interesting destinations at the invitation of families around the country.

“When people live in another country they often tell how much more interesting it is than just being a tourist, because it’s all about the people,” Boyd said in an interview with The Astana Times. “I have been very lucky to be invited into people’s lives around Kazakhstan. I have seen some many beautiful sites and learned so many interesting stories.”

Boyd is learning Kazakhstan’s culture and history through the lives of its people, he explained. “Kazakhstan has had such an interesting past. People here are very lucky to have so many different cultures because they can enjoy many points of view and foods,” he said. “So I am exploring the origin of modern Kazakhstan by understanding its peoples, where they have come from and where they are now; how history and origin has shaped them and where they are going in the future.”

The show is already catching the attention of locals and foreigners, the traveller said. “I have so many friends back in Australia who are really interested to see this show, to know more about Kazakhstan, and my friends in Kazakhstan are burning up with curiosity, because they find it so interesting to see their own country through foreigners’ eyes.”


Boyd has some experience in exploring and interpreting different cultures, he noted. “In 2005, I started to travel and found out that the world was so interesting. People thought different but still the same … different foods and tastes and different clothing and building styles.”

He started in Europe, as many Australians do, Boyd said, but quickly strayed to Africa and North America, and then to Asia.

“I explored eastern Asia extensively and during this time I watched a movie called ‘Mongol’ and it sparked my interest in the Central Asian region. I had a romantic idea – to travel to Mongolia one day. I was working in Brisbane, Australia, and received a phone call to work in Kazakhstan.”


Like many Australians, most of Boyd’s awareness of Kazakhstan came from the infamous movie “Borat,” he said. But he set out to find out more and was immediately intrigued.

“The blend of nationalities and cultures makes [Kazakhstan] very interesting. One moment I see Asia, one moment I see Europe and in a blink I see something new I haven’t seen before. Each region has had a different feeling and different climate,” Boyd said.

“In some ways Kazakhstan and Australia have a lot in common. Both countries are multicultural, both are very big with a small population density, both have the challenge of providing services across large distances. Both have mining, oil, and agriculture, although Kazakhstan is lucky to have a lot more oil riches,” he mused.

He ticked off other similarities: both cultures eat a lot of meat, including some dishes other countries find strange (horse for Kazakhs, kangaroo for Australians). Both societies love sports. And while Australia’s climate has some swings, they’re nothing compared to Kazakhstan’s -40 C to 40 C range. “For me Kazakhstan people are like the flowers in Almaty: when it’s winter people are grey and serious, but in spring and summer they come to life with so many festivals,” he commented.

Boyd thinks the new programme has the potential to spark new interest in tourism between Kazakhstan and Australia.

“I am from Cairns, Australia. It is very popular for tourism and here in Kazakhstan I see a lot of potential. I think the people who can take that potential and make it all work will be well rewarded. In the meantime, I hope that people from many places can share my journey and experiences by watching this show,” he said.



Bayanaul – land of legend and nature

ASTANA – With its numerous lakes and mountains, Bayanaul has a reputation of mesmerizing and absolutely stunning scenery. The area is also famous, however, for many the legends surrounding it.

What to do in Bayanaul

Bayanaul National Park is located in the small village of the same name about 450 kilometres from Astana. It is a picture-perfect collection of shimmering lakes, natural springs, forest-filled mountains and unique caves.

Local guides recommend starting tours at Zhayau Musa Monument near Zhasybai Lake. The statue hails the Kazakh poet and composer who lived at the turn of the 20th century. The trails can be steep and even dangerous. Hikers must be cautious to check the rocks before stepping on them and make sure to hold branches that will not hit anyone walking behind them. The walk continues along fire roads cut into the forest where black alder woods, which are among Kazakhstan’s protected tree species, are visible. Trekking upward, climbers follow clear streams with sparkling yellow creek beds which make people think they have discovered gold. It is actually copper pyrites common to the area. The streams’ waters are considered healthy and many bring empty bottles to fill and take home.

The Witches Gorge

The Witches Gorge is a series of twisted trees, whose waters are thought to have a curative effect. It is the pass where Kazakh batyrs (warriors) led by Zhasybai fought the Dzhungars. Struck down in battle, the brave, dying warrior asked to be buried at the pass so visitors could simultaneously see Lake Zhasybai and Lake Sabyndykol and enjoy the beautiful scenery.

The hike along the gorge takes walkers to the black alder woods and a meadow from which they can scramble up a final climb for a view of Akbet Mountain. At 1,026 metres, it is the tallest peak in Bayanaul National Park. The hike then descends along a trail via Echo Valley for a glimpse of the tops of the black alder forests. The 3.5-kilometre hike takes about an hour and a-half.

While in Bayanaul National Park, visitors may also want to explore Aulietas Cave, which is believed to hold sacred rocks. Autlietas means “Sacred Rock” in Kazakh and legend has it that if one makes a wish, touches the cave’s rocks and walks away without looking back, the wish will come true.

Those in great shape can challenge the three and a-half hour climb to the top of Akbet Mountain, where hikers can see the region’s three main lakes – Zhasybai, Sabyndykol, and Toraigyr, the latter where its namesake, the famous Kazakh poet, is buried. The view overlooks three unique rock outcroppings – Saimantas, Naizatas and Kempirtas.

Bayanaul is also the place for those who enjoy swimming and hiking. About 450 kilometres south-east of Astana, Bayanaul boasts a number of scenic lakes, breathtaking natural springs and forest-filled mountains for trekking and exploring nature.


Legends about Bayanaul

Legend has it that the word Bayanaul is of Mongol-Turkic origin; in Mongolian, Bayan-ola means “prosperous hill,” a place of rich and blessed grazing mountains. Other legends indicate the indigenous population that once lived there, the name of the mountain and the idea the village are connected with the name of Bayan-Sulu (sulu in Kazakh means “beauty”), the heroine of the popular epic poem Kozy-Korpesh and Bayan-Sulu.

According to the legend, Bayan-Sulu’s father, Karabai, wandered each year from Aiaguz to Tyumen, making long stops in Karkaraly, Bayanaul, Dombraly and the Monshakty Mountains.

Bayan was especially fond of the Kazylyk Mountains, where there were many karkars, birds with beautiful plumage. She made a lovely headdress with its feathers decorated by a sultan (karkara); therefore, the mountains were named Karkaraly (black heron mountains).

In the Kokshetau Mountains, she found a tree that emitted a melodious sound. Bayan-Sulu ordered a dombra (a traditional Kazakh lute-like stringed musical instrument) made from it; thus, one of the mountains was named Dombraly. The area had many precious stones which she used to make gorgeous beads (monshak) and the mountains were named Monshakty (beaded).

The rich Karabai family repeatedly stopped in the Bayanaul Mountain valleys, a fact noted in variations of numerous legends.

After Bayan-Sulu’s tragic death, people from nearby places grieved for a long time and told stories about her life. They recalled the day she dropped soap into the lake, turning the water very soft and ultimately changing its name to Sabyndykol (soapy lake).

According to various versions of different legends, the mountains were once called Bayantau (mountains of Bayan). People also named one peak Tarak (comb), where she allegedly dropped a comb.

Eloquent storytellers named the highest mountain Akbet (white faced), while others were called Naizatas (stone spear) and Atbasy (horsehead) and a rock was named Kempirtas (the old woman stone), as it is remarkably similar to an old woman’s head. Some other rock names include such words as hat, loaf of bread, fish and dove.



Kazakh Tourism set to be single operator to develop Shchuchinsk-Burabai resort zone

ASTANA – Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev visited the Akmola region Aug. 10 to assess the pace of tourism development, reported the prime minister’s press service.

Photo credit: tengrinews.kz.

While touring the skiing base in the Burabai resort area, Sagintayev examined construction progress and learned about the current situation at the site. The facility, located on 140.5 hectares, is expected to host international competitions and training for cross-country skiing, biathlon and roller skiing.

Sagintayev was also acquainted with the sanatorium resort facilities and sights of Burabai National Park.

“The main document of the Shchuchinsk-Burabai resort zone development is the plan for the Burabai resort area development designed through 2020 and developed with the participation of international experts. The plan provides for the development of five major zones favourable for investment, including a promising zone for mass recreation on Chebachye Lake, a zone for premium-class tourism on Shchuchye Lake and a centre for equestrian sports and children’s health tourism on Katarkol Lake. The list also includes an eco-village in the Sarybulak area, as well as camping on Zhukey Lake,” according to the press service.

At a meeting devoted to the resort area’s expansion, Minister of Culture and Sports Arystanbek Mukhamediuly noted successfully developing and promoting tourism as a key branch of the national economy depends on active business involvement.

Turar Kazangapov

Photo credit: Turar Kazangapov.

“The government adopted a new concept for tourism industry development in Kazakhstan through 2023. The concept provides for a cluster approach to tourism development through six major clusters, one of which is the Unity of Nature and Nomadic Culture cluster, which includes the Akmola, Karaganda and Pavlodar regions. It is a centre of nomadic culture and diversity of the steppe, while the Shchuchinsk-Burabai resort zone is the core of this cluster,” according to his report.

Authorities forecast tourist flow from Russia, China, Turkey, Iran, India and other developed countries. Work is underway to liberalise the visa and migration regime, as the visa-free regime currently applies to citizens of more than 60 countries, said Mukhamediuly.

“Kazakh Tourism National Company was established to promote domestic tourism to international markets and form the tourist image of the country and the national brand. This company will also attract direct investors for the implementation of tourism projects. Given the functions assigned to it, Kazakh Tourism will be a single operator for the development and promotion of the Shchuchinsk-Burabai resort zone,” he added.



Air Astana’s international traffic increases 22 percent

ASTANA – Thanks to steady economic growth, Air Astana’s international passenger traffic posted significant improvement in the first half of the year.

Photo credit: abctv.kz

“The economy of Kazakhstan is showing a slight recovery after two difficult years and we expect that the recovery process will accelerate in the process of economic diversification,” company president Peter Foster told the media.

The growth of international passenger traffic is “encouraging, especially in terms of business travel,” he noted.

“Such factors as the international specialised exhibition EXPO 2017 with facilitated visa procedures, the new terminal at the Nursultan Nazarbayev International Airport in Astana and constant work on the development of the airline favourably influenced the restoration of passenger traffic,” he said.

“Despite high prices for aviation fuel in Kazakhstan, the unit cost remains competitive, which allows us to increase our share in the segment of long-haul international air transportation. This is promoted by our reputation as the airline with a high quality of service in foreign markets. Our yet another Skytrax award in the nomination Best Airline of Central Asia and India is a confirmation of that reputation,” he added.

Foster noted the airline continues working to improve its services, recently introducing onboard Internet access and acquiring new aircraft.

“We recently signed an agreement to purchase five new Embraer E190-E2 aircraft in the fall of 2018. The new Embraer E190-E2 airliners, together with the Airbus A320neo planes, have already been delivered to us. These are aircraft with low fuel consumption. All our steps will further enhance the efficiency of our business and improve the quality of the product,” he said.

The national airline transported 1,894,391 passengers from January-June, according to its Aug. 1 press release.

“The airline has carried 1,007,413 passengers via domestic routes and 886,978 passengers via international routes. The total passenger flow increased 12 percent compared to the same period last year. The increase of passenger traffic on domestic routes was 4 percent, while international traffic grew 22 percent due to an increase in the number of transit passengers travelling with a stop at the airports of Astana and Almaty,” it added.

Air Astana currently has itineraries of more than 60 international and domestic flights operated from the Almaty and Astana airports. The fleet consists of 31 aircraft such as Boeing 767-300ER, Boeing 757-200 and Airbus A320, including A320neo, and Embraer E190.

The airline became the first carrier among the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and Eastern Europe to be awarded a prestigious four-star rating by the international agency Skytrax in 2012 and the title of Best Airline in Central Asia and India. Air Astana repeated both awards for the next five years.



Arabic calligraphy exhibition opens at National Library

ASTANA – An exhibition of Arabic calligraphy opened in the National Academic Library initiated by the Kazakh Ministry of Culture and Sports and the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA). Until Aug. 17, visitors can view 30 works of calligraphy, including masterpieces of famous calligraphy masters.

Photo credit: bestnews.kz

“These are the selected works of the winners of the IRCICA international competitions on calligraphy, held between 1986 and 2016. These works represent different handwriting and they are the best of them. In ancient times, Kazakhstan was also the centre of the world civilisation; Islamic art was developed here, including calligraphy. A lot of Kazakh scientists, theologians and calligraphers are well known and our task is to revive the forgotten heritage in Kazakhstan and other countries of Central Asia. This is the first step,” said Doctor of Historical Sciences, IRCICA Spokesman in Kazakhstan Ashirbek Muminov, expo2017culture.kz reports.

“IRCICA wants to continue cooperation with the Ministry of Culture and Sports. We intend to open the IRCICA cabinet on Islamic culture in the building of the library. We want to bring more than 200 publications to Astana. In addition, a centre will be equipped here, where our scientists will be able to study digitised copies of books from the IRCICA library fund, counting approximately 80,000 books, historical photographs and documents. They too can be made available to local readers,” he added.

According to him, the exhibition features works of the authors of our time. At present, calligraphy attracts growing interest in all countries of the Muslim world, as well as in the European countries.

“These works contain quotes from the Quran, the Prophet Muhammad’s sayings, wise utterances having a sacred meaning. Calligraphy is a merger of the spiritual and the beautiful. It unites talented people of art, who are representatives of different calligraphic schools in the world, for example, from Arab countries, Iran, Indonesia and Turkey. These are the largest powers, where there are several calligraphic schools,” Muminov added.

He highlighted the importance of this exhibition for Kazakh residents and the young generation.

“We hope that the youth will be interested. This exhibition is a kind of education of young calligraphers, who will be able to comprehend the secrets of calligraphy through examples of the best works. I reiterate that Kazakhstan was one of the centres of Islamic civilisation. Calligraphy was developed here. Unfortunately, during the Soviet period, traditions were lost. Now these traditions are reviving. As President Nursultan Nazarbayev noted, spiritual revival and national identity are now especially important,” he said.



Astana, Paris through lens of travel photographer Loïc Lagarde

ASTANA – Paris-Astana, a solo exhibit of notable French travel photographer Loïc Lagarde, opened July 13 at the Has Sanat Art Gallery. The works are expected to be included in a photo book dedicated to EXPO 2017.

Photo credit: Loïc Lagarde.

The event was organised with the support of the French Embassy in Kazakhstan and the French pavilion at the exhibition.

“I aim to present Paris, to make a parallel with Astana and to show the dream side of both cities. What I try to do when I make my photos is to make people dream of the place I shoot. To do it, I try to find the best moments in the daylight,” said Lagarde in an interview for this article.

Through his works, the photographer shows the recognised architectural landmarks of the two capital cities. Shooting from a low angle allowed him to see their architecture has much in common.

Lagarde compared the Eiffel Tower with the Baiterek, the Louvre pyramid with the Palace of Peace and Harmony and the churches of Paris with the main mosque of the Kazakh capital.


Photo credit: Loïc Lagarde.

“My photography is to show the duality of the reality of what you are seeing and I did that in Paris and in Astana to show that there is a duality between these two cities. Usually you don’t compare Paris and Astana; there’s nothing [similar] between these two cities. I wanted to show this parallel between these two cities,” he said.

A native of Brittany, Lagarde, 36, is an influential travel photographer who started his career in 2012 as an Airbnb photo reporter shooting listings in select regions around the world. He has more than 250,000 followers on social media.

Images depicting stunningly beautiful regions of France also decorate the nation’s expo pavilion.

“Khazret Sultan Mosque, a new mosque, is so gorgeous. There are a lot of places to make interesting shots in the city. I’m delighted to show Kazakhstan to the world and this is the first step before doing some more joint projects here,” he said.

Lagarde added he used the same photo technique with the same equipment in both cities.

“I started photographing quite late, but I’ve always been into art,” he noted. “Since early childhood I was always drawing. Then, I moved to engineering studies. But actually photography is a match of these two worlds, because it’s a combination of technique and art. I managed to match my two dualities with this artistic way of life and this engineering way of life.”

Lagarde came to photography through travel.

“I always loved traveling and little by little I moved to photography. When you go somewhere 10,000 kilometres from where you live, you want to bring some souvenirs and memories. I wanted to make the best memories of what I was seeing when I was traveling. Because if you go somewhere, you want to fix what you experience and photography is the best way to capture your memories. I want to do more and more photography to get the best of what I see and even better,” he added.

Energy is one of the main issues in today’s world because its residents will not be able to continue this way, said Lagarde.

“Countries have a chance at the exhibition to show what they can do to make the world better. I was quite impressed by the Kazakh pavilion, which is big and provides information about all types of energy,” he said.

“Kazakhstan is a very kid-friendly country and it’s easy to travel here with a family. And there’s a great variety of landscape in Kazakhstan, especially in the Almaty region. It takes only 20 minutes to go to the ski resort and then you can go to the glacier. It’s really incredible. I want to continue touristic promotion of Kazakhstan. I want to go back to Borovoye in the fall and Almaty in the winter. It was my first overview of the country and now I want to return to explore further,” he added.



National concept provides positive indicators for South Kazakhstan’s tourism development

ASTANA – Approximately 700,000 tourists have visited Turkestan this year, said Akim (Mayor) of the city Alipbek Usserbayev at a July 24 press conference in the regional capital of Shymkent. The pleasant tendency keeps growing and the region, rich with ancient cities, natural reserves, museums and temples, is hosting more sightseers every year.

Photo credit: abctv.kz

“The number of tourists was 618,000 people four years ago. Over 1.6 million people, including 24,000 foreign tourists, visited the city in 2016. Approximately 700,000 tourists visited the city this year and this exceeds the figures for the same period of last year by 92,291 people,” said Usserbayev.

The six-month revenue from the tourism sector totalled 1.496 billion tenge (US$4.5 million).

The Kone Turkestan (Ancient Turkestan) concept was adopted to reconstruct and preserve the objects near the Khoja Ahmed Yassawi Mausoleum in the territory of the Khazrat Sultan State Historical and Cultural Reserve Museum as part of Madeni Mura, the Cultural Heritage programme. The project will cover 99.6 hectares and will be implemented in three stages.

Tourist facilities will be constructed on ​​12.8 hectares near the Khoja Ahmed Yassawi Mausoleum. Plans are also underway to build a 45-hectare ethno-park, restore the ancient historical lake and create an open-air museum.

A leisure zone, including the Kazakh Khandy memorial complex, an ethno and multimedia centre, park, bazaar, canteens and hotel, will be located on the central streets. The total value of the project is about 7.8 billion tenge (US$23.8 million).

Photo credit: inform.kz

Photo credit: inform.kz

Development of the site as a historical and cultural centre of Turkestan is a priority for the entire South Kazakhstan region. Historical and cultural tourism is a key product for the Heart of the Great Silk Road cluster and the concept will help promote the region as part of the Tourism Industry Development 2020 initiative.

Medical and recreational tourism is regarded as one of the most promising areas.

“Turkestan is located on a huge network of underground thermal waters. The thermal water of the Shipa-su sanatorium is identical in its properties to the waters of the Novo-Izhevskaya sanatorium in Udmurtia, Vytautas in Lithuania and Truskavets in Ukraine,” said Usserbayev.

The Khoja Ahmed Yassawi Mausoleum, included on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) World Heritage List, is considered the most visited attraction regionally. The ancient settlement of Sauran, burial site of Ukash Ata and mausoleums of Gaukhar Ana and Alhozha Ata are also of great interest to tourists and pilgrims.



2,000-year-old settlement to open in Shymkent

ASTANA – An archaeological open-air museum will open in the ancient settlement of Shymkent, the regional city administration press service reported in late July.  

The remains of an ancient settlement in the centre of the city, which were almost demolished, have been preserved due to the efforts of scientists, archaeologists and reporters. The project will include demolishing the market and houses constructed around the citadel in the last decades, restoring the walls of the ancient city and the anticipated construction of a stylised fortress corresponding to the one that once surrounded the city wall. Architects and builders will collaborate with local historians and researchers.

“This historical site is of special importance. The design work and estimated documentation, modern building cleaning and construction of walls will take about four years. A leisure zone with artisans’ quarter will also be located there,” noted the statement.

“The Kazrestavraciya Company will develop the design and estimate the documentation of the project to keep a scientific approach to this facility,” said Shymkent Akim (Mayor) Gabidulla Abdrakhimov.

Construction work will start in 2018 and will be completed two years later. Celebratory events dedicated to the 2,200th anniversary of the city’s foundation will be hosted at the citadel, as the age was confirmed by archaeological research conducted in the area.

“Scientific restoration only can be carried out on the ancient settlement area, then it can be included in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) heritage list. All the works must be carried out in accordance with the UNESCO Convention, as Kazakhstan has adhered to the World Heritage Convention. If the ancient settlement of Shymkent and Sairam is included in the heritage list, they will join the range of unique monuments of world architecture,” said academician Bauyrzhan Baitanayev.

The presence of modern humans on the Shymkent territory is evidenced by occasional finds of ceramic vessels from the Bronze Age related to the Andronov culture. The artefacts were unearthed near the oil and fats plant, including the accidental discovery in the area of the chemical plant of a Scythian bronze knife dagger dated to the 1st millennium BC.

Many other objects have been located. Clay funerary urns with human bone remains dating from the 8th-10th centuries were found in 1881 on Alva-Kent hill on the right bank of the Badam River. Items relating to the 15th-18th centuries were uncovered in the 1970s-1980s on the territory of the old fortress near the citadel and the Shymkent bus station. The 19th century fortification walls and other materials were found in the early 2000s at the medieval fort site.

Excavations at the ancient settlement conducted in 2012 also provided interesting results.



New Alakol Lake airport opens, meant to boost tourism

ASTANA – A new airport opened July 21 in Usharal to make Alakol Lake more accessible for tourists. The airport is the latest effort to boost tourism at the lake.

“Today is a special historical day for the Almaty region. During the visit to our region in 2014, President Nursultan Nazarbayev set us the task of developing tourism on the lake. In this regard, the region has done a lot of work; the tourist infrastructure is actively developing. New hotel complexes and recreation areas that meet all modern standards are under construction. Now we work on transport and logistics. Today’s opening of the airport is a vivid confirmation to that,” Akim (Governor) of Almaty region Amandyk Batalov said at the opening ceremony.

More than 1 billion tenge (US$3 million) was spent on the construction of the airport. ASD Group started construction and installation work in 2015, after the regional akimat allocated 4.5 hectares of land.

Zhetysu Airline will provide services at the airport. Today, the facility employs 14 people.

“Air Company receives Astana-Usharal-Astana flights four times a week and Taldykorgan-Usharal-Taldykorgan three times a week. National and regional budgets provided 177.2 million tenge (US$543,826),” official representative of regional akimat (administration) Sagynysh Namazshamova explained.


The airport features modern equipment for registration, screening procedure and other necessary measures.

Earlier, Minister of Culture and Sports Arystanbek Mukhamediuly noted that despite the difficulties with logistics, thousands of Kazakhstan citizens come to Alakol Lake every year.

“Recently, the government approved the Tourism Development Concept and we hope that this will help to bring our domestic tourism to a higher level in the nearest future. Kazakhstan’s beauty needs to be popularised. We should be proud that we have such a pearl as Alakol Lake,” the minister said.

Alakol in Kazakh means “multi-coloured lake.” It is situated on the border of the east and southeast of Kazakhstan. The lake water is strongly mineralised and is considered therapeutic. The length of the lake is 104 kilometres, the maximum width – 52 kilometres, the depth – 54 metres.




Kazakhstan establishes national tourism development company

ASTANA – The Kazakh government recently launched the Kazakh Tourism National Company to develop the sector and attract investment.

“The first task for the company is to promote the tourism potential of Kazakhstan abroad and attract investment. We want to attract investors to the tourism industry. I am sure that many investors are interested in investing their money in the tourism industry of the state, because our country has a unique natural landscape and is safe,” Minister of Culture and Sports Arystanbek Mukhamediuly said at a government briefing.

The company will also seek to utilise the experience of leading countries in the field of tourism and includes six regional cultural and tourist clusters, which cover all of Kazakhstan.

“Taking into account the specifics of the regions, we focused on the development of new types of tourism for Kazakhstan – sacral, ecological, hunting trophy, cultural and cognitive, medical and sports,” the minister explained.

The company will be funded by the national budget through the end of this year and will be expected to be self-funded beginning 2018.

In June, the Kazakhstan government approved the concept of development of the tourist industry in Kazakhstan until 2023. As part of the so-called economic modernisation 3.0, the tourism field is one of six key priorities, along with fuel and energy, agro-industrial complexes, industrialisation, trade and transport.